Religion & Philosophy at Lyon College

New Testament Survey
Study Guide for First Exam
The exam will be made up of some multiple choice, possibly some fill-in-the-blanks and matching, and at least one essay question.

1. Be sure to review the summary and implications at the end of each chapter of Ehrman. You should also look over the glossaries in Educator as well as review previous quizzes.

2. What are the three worlds of the Bible?

3. What are the autographs of the Bible? Be able to discuss the problems in reconstructing them?

4. What is the difference between literal translations and dynamic equivalent translations? Be able to give examples of each type of translation. What century was the King James Version (Authorized Version) translated? What were its strengths? Why is it not generally used for scholarly study today? How is the New Revised Standard Version related to the King James Version?

5. How many books make up the New Testament? What types of books make it up (e.g., gospels, etc.)? Be able to describe the formation of the New Testament canon, including the role of Marcion's “canon.”

6. Be able to briefly summarize the major events in Israel’s history from the ancestral period to the end of the first century CE. What is Hellenism and its cultural and religious influence from the 2nd century BCE-1st century CE?

7. Be prepared to describe the political climate as well as the major figures and events in Palestine from 40 BCE - 70 CE. Describe the significance of the Temple and synagogues.

8. Describe the major beliefs of the Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes, and Zealots, especially as they looked at the Temple, Torah, hoped-for messiah, and relationship to Rome.

9. What is a “gospel” and where does the word come from? What Greek word does it translate? What is kerygma? Why can’t we take the gospels at face value historical documents?( Explain in light of the stories of the birth of Jesus.)

10. What is the synoptic problem? What are the major theories that try to explain it? What are those theories’ strengths and weaknesses? Be prepared to explain what “Q” is, and to be able to illustrate the two and four source theories in relationship to actual excerpts from the synoptic gospels.

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