Religion & Philosophy at Lyon College

Old Testament Survey Study Guide for Exodus -Deuteronomy

1. Review the study questions on the Bandstra CD. What are the primary literary sources of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy? What is the origin of the name of each book?

2. Be prepared to identify the motifs found in Exodus through Deuteronomy, e.g., women taking destiny in their own hands; etiologies; favoring the younger son; sojourn in a foreign land; revelation on a mountain; theophany as "unnatural nature." Also be prepared to discuss the central themes in Exodus and Leviticus.

3. What are the ironies found in the story of Moses in the first several chapters of Exodus?

4. What is the etiology of Moses' name in Exodus? What do scholars suggest is the origin of Moses' name? 

5. What is meant by the phrase "a land flowing with milk and honey"?

6. What is the irony in Ex. 2:11-14?

7. What does the name "YHWH" mean?

8. According to scholars, what seems to be the meaning(s) of the passage in Ex. 4:24-26 when YHWH tries to kill Moses?  What is your view?

9. How do scholars think Deuteronomy is related to II Kings 22?  What do you think and why?

10. What are the elements of traditional Hittite and Neo-Assyrian treaties? Be prepared to compare this form to Ex. 20:1-17; 24:3-8, or to Deuteronomy (see textbook), and discuss what the similarities and differences suggest about Israel's view of YHWH and their covenant with YHWH.

11.  What types of sacrifices were offered by the Israelites?

12. According to Leviticus, why should Israel be holy? What does holiness involve?    According to lecture, how does the anthropologist Mary Douglas interpret the Levitical laws about clean and unclean food?  According to Leviticus, how are neighbors and foreigners to be treated?  What is the Jubilee?  What does it say about God's view of the poor?  Do you think the Jubilee is a standard that Christians should follow today?  Why or why not?

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