Goal 2. Research Methods in Psychology - Students will understand and
apply basic research methods in psychology, including research design, data
analysis, and interpretation.
Suggested Learning Outcomes - Students will be able to:
2.1 Describe the basic characteristics of the science of psychology.
2.2 Explain different research methods used by psychologists.
a. Describe how various research designs address different types of questions and hypotheses
b. Articulate strengths and limitations of various research designs
c. Distinguish the nature of designs that permit causal inferences from those that do not
2.3 Evaluate the appropriateness of conclusions derived from psychological research.
a. Interpret basic statistical conclusions
b. Distinguish between statistical significance and practical significance
c. Describe effect size and confidence intervals
d. Evaluate the validity of conclusions presented in research reports
2.4 Design and conduct basic studies to address psychological questions using appropriate research methods.
a. Locate and use relevant databases, research, and theory to plan, conduct, and interpret results of research studies
b. Formulate testable research hypotheses, based on operational definitions of variables
c. Select and apply appropriate methods to maximize internal and external validity and reduce the plausibility of alternative explanations
d. Collect, analyze, interpret, and report data using appropriate statistical strategies to address different types of research questions and hypotheses
e. Recognize that theoretical and sociocultural contexts as well as personal biases may shape research questions, design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation
2.5 Follow the APA Code of Ethics in the treatment of human and nonhuman participants in the design, data collection, interpretation, and reporting of psychological research.
2.6 Generalize research conclusions appropriately based on the parameters of particular research methods.
a. Exercise caution in predicting behavior based on limitations of single studies
b. Recognize the limitations of applying normative conclusions to individuals
c. Acknowledge that research results may have unanticipated societal consequences
d. Recognize that individual differences and sociocultural contexts may influence the applicability of research findings